The 2021-2027 Environment and Climate Action Programme (LIFE), established with Regulation 2021/783 of 29 April 2021 (pdf) of the European Parliament and of the Council, represents the EU instrument dedicated to the environment and climate action for the period 2021-2027, with a total budget of € 5,432,000,000.
The LIFE Programme began in 1992 and there have been five phases so far (LIFE I: 1992-1995, LIFE II: 1996-1999, LIFE III: 2000-2006, LIFE +: 2007-2013, LIFE: 2014-2020).
The programme is now managed by the European Executive Agency for Climate, Infrastructure and the Environment (CINEA).
Articles 11, 191, 192 and 193 of the consolidated version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union constitute the legal basis for Community action on the environment. Union policy on the environment aims at a high level of protection, taking into account the diversity of situations in the various regions of the Union. It is founded on the principles of precaution and preventive action, on the principle of correcting, as a priority at the source, the damage caused to the environment.
The European Commission published on 13 July 2021 the calls for proposals for the different types of projects of the four sub-programs of the LIFE 2021-2027 Program.
The LIFE Regulation - EU Reg. N. 2021/783 Article 3 and followings establishes in detail the specific objectives for each priority sector; each priority area includes thematic priorities that are defined in Annex III of the same regulation.
The multiannual work program (pdf), on the other hand, details the themes of the projects that implement the thematic priorities, procedures, criteria, indicators, budget by sub-program and by type of financing.
The new LIFE programme pursues the achievement of the objectives and targets set by environmental and climate and relevant energy legislation and policies, in particular the objectives of the European Green Deal and will play a crucial role in supporting the implementation the objectives of the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 (pdf), the new Action Plan for the Circular Economy (pdf), the new EU Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change (pdf) and the Strategy "A wave of restructuring for Europe" (pdf) that will facilitate the transition to an energy efficient economy.
The general objective of the LIFE program is to contribute to the transition to a sustainable, circular, energy efficient, renewable energy, climate neutral and climate resilient economy, in order to protect, restore and improve the quality of environment, including air, water and soil, and to interrupt and reverse the process of biodiversity loss, as well as to combat the degradation of ecosystems, including by supporting the implementation and management of the Natura 2000 network, in order to foster sustainable development.
The LIFE program also supports the implementation of general action programs adopted under Article 192 (3) TFEU.
The specific objectives of the LIFE programme are as follows:
The Program is divided into 2 Sectors and 4 Sub-programs whose indicative breakdown of the overall budget is as follows:
|Environment||1. Nature and biodiversity - NAT||2.143.000.000,00 €|
|2. Circular economy and quality of life - ENV||1.345.000.000,00 €|
|Climate Action||3. Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation - CCM e CCA||947.000.000,00 €|
|4. Clean Energy Transition - CET||997.000.000,00 €|
One of the main innovations introduced by the LIFE 2021-2027 Program concerns the Call for proposals which will be different for each project type of each Sub-program:
The LIFE programme funds different activities in support of the implementation and integration of environmental and climate policies and Union legislation in order to achieve its objectives. Such actions may include:
The LIFE Programme for the period 2021-2024 can count on a total budget of € 5,432,000,000.
In order to join LIFE calls for proposals, having a Participant Identification Code is mandatory for the following categories of participants: beneficiaries, affiliated entities and associated partners.
The PIC for the University o f Florence is 999895789.