Industrial risk. Noise, mechanical vibrations. Fire hazard. Machinery, tools and plant safety. Thermal Environmental Conditions and Lightning systems. Definition and sources for labour law. Structure e principles of T.U. D. Lgs. 81/2008 Company wide safety and prevention. The roles and their responsibility. Delegation, work commission, prevention and protection service.
Prof. Lai's subjects: for students attending the lectures, M. LAI, Il diritto della sicurezza sul lavoro tra conferme e sviluppi, Giappichelli, Torino, 2017, solo Capitolo 3; for students not attending the lectures, M. LAI, Il diritto della sicurezza sul lavoro tra conferme e sviluppi, Giappichelli, Torino, 2017, Capitoli 1,2, 3; Slides and notes by Prf. Tucci, downloadable from moodle
The course aims to provide in-depth knowledge of the accident prevention regulations in force in Italy and of European Community derivation. These issues are the subject of specific seminars (by a researcher in the labor law area) on the sources of labor law and occupational health and safety, in particular focused on community directives and the Legislative Decree 81/2008. The foundation of the right to safety is studied, the corporate organization of prevention and the roles of line (employer, manager and safety responsible), staff (head of the prevention and protection service and nominated phisician), their functions, the responsibility delegation mechanisms, health surveillance. The participation of workers and their representatives, obligations, rights, training and information requirements and the disciplinary sanctions are studied.
Such knowledge must lead to an understanding of the roles of the various subjects in the prevention for occupational health and safety.
In the technical area we start from the knowledge of the concept of risk, ontologically dealt with by studying the ISO 31000 standard on risk management, and then reducing it, as a guiding tool, to the requirements of the laws, suah as risk assessment and its documentation.
In detail, focusing on the main risk factors that can be dealt with more appropriately by engineering skills (ie leaving out the aspects closest to the hygienic, medical and physiological area, as well as toxicological chemistry), in addition to the knowledge of the related regulation. If the regulation is "blank", the technical standards (UNI-EN-ISO-CEI-IEC-ASHRAE-ANSI etc.) study is addressed, in order to interpretate the technical requirements.
The knowledge of the requirements of the law is linked to the knowledge (partly already studied and partly developed ex novo in this course) on the basic technical-scientific elements of the risk factors.
This knowledge develops the ability to understand the risk factors present in a work environment, the causes that produce them, the consequences they can cause, the possible methods for mitigating the
related risks in view of legislative compliance and continuous improvement of health and safety at work. Finally, the ability to apply knowledge and understanding is put to the test in the final part of the course, consisting of the presentation of case studies of accidents at work where the discussion is stimulated on the technical and legal elements learned that find application in concrete cases.
Law principles for labour legislation, european community directives and italian law. Basic knowledge on phisics, chemistry, thermodynamics, applied mechanics.
Lectures, practicing and industrial cases of accidents
Examination lists on University site.
Type of Assessment
The assessment of learning related to the acquired knowledge is carried out in an oral examination with the two teachers, who cover each part: on one side the labour law (Prof. Lai) and on the other the technical aspects (Prof. Tucci). The labor law section focuses on the demonstration of the knowledge of the general principles of law at the base of the regulations, as well as of the specific roles, competences, obligations of the subjects of prevention. In the examination, the teachers always tries to grasp the level of general understanding of the subject and the importance of certain details and regulatory specifics for the purpose of effectiveness, as well as compliance, of preventive activities.
In the technical part the knowledge is verified, sampling one or more risk factors, for which, in addition to knowing the regulation or to related technical standards, the student must demonstrate to understand the technical-scientific bases, mastering the scientific rationale, its physical, metrological, etc. issues, being able to apply them to simple schematic examples in the form of practical cases or exercises.
Eventually, the ability to apply the acquired knowledge is found in the ways in which the student faces, always with a view to risk assessment, any topic on which the oral examination is developed, whether it is a practical example or a more generally presented risk factor and all its implications. The evaluation is therefore a function of the correctness, completeness and, above all, of the articulation of the answers, in a strongly interdisciplinary field.
"Industrial plant safety" module Definition of risk, risks identifications, assessment of probability/frequency of the event, evaluation of the magnitude of consequences. Tools and methodologies for risk assessment. Specific risks regulated by EU directives and italian D.Lgs. 626/94, now D. Lgs. 81/2008. Noise related risks. Hand arm vibrations and whole body vibration Fire risk. Machinery, tools and plant safety ex D.P.R: 547/55 Occupational health: italian regulation ex D.P.R. 303/56 Thermal Environmental Conditions for Human Occupancy. Lightning systems. Techical issue, as manual load moving, chemical risk, explosive atmospheres. Industrial cases of severe accidents based on trial documents. Giuridical module: Definition and sources for labour law. Basis for the right fo safety. Structure e principles of T.U. D. Lgs. 81/2008 Company wide safety and prevention. - employer, manager and worker in charge of surveillance. - delegation of funtions and responsability sharing - works committed - risk prevention and protection service - health surveillance and the nominated phisician - workers' partecipation and representative - duties and right of the workers - education and training of workers