Course teached as: B024239 - SOCIOLINGUISTICA E DIALETTOLOGIA ITALIANA Second Cycle Degree in FILOLOGIA MODERNA Curriculum LINGUISTICA STORICA, TEORICA, E APPLICATA
The main concepts of sociolinguistics are illustrated and then applied to the analysis of the contemporary Italian repertoire.
The second part of the course is devoted to dialectology, first by addressing the conceptual and methodological framing of discipline. Subsequently, the main linguistic phenomena of the dialects of Italy are presented. Finally, the relationship between Italian and dialects in contemporary Italy is observed in sociolinguistic perspective.
G. Berruto, Sociolinguistica dell'italiano contemporaneo (nuova edizione: Roma, Carocci 2010).
G. Fiorentino, Variabilità linguistica, Roma, Carocci.
F. Avolio, Lingue e dialetti d'Italia, Roma, Carocci.
G. Berruto, "Lingua, dialetto, diglossia, dilalia", in Id., Saggi di sociolinguistica e di linguistica (a cura di G. Bernini, B. Moretti, S. Schmid, T. Telmon), Alessandria, Edizioni dell'Orso 2012, pp. 3-24.
H. Weinreich, Lingue in contatto, Torino, Utet 2008 (1954).
M.R. Baroni, Il linguaggio trasparente, Bologna, il Mulino 1983.
J.K. Chambers, P. Trudgill, La dialettologia, Bologna, il Mulino 1987.
A. Varvaro, Il latino e le lingue romanze (Bologna, il Mulino 2014).
M. Loporcaro, "L'Italia dialettale", in S. Lubello (ed.), Manuale di linguistica italiana, Belin-New York, De Gruyter 2016, pp. 275-300.G. Rohlfs, Studi e ricerche su lingue e dialetti d'Italia, Firenze, Sansoni 1972.
Ability to understand the social value of linguistic variation, from a theoretical point of view and in its applications.
To recognize the articulation of contemporary Italian repertory (including Italian dialects).
Understanding the conceptual distinction between "language" and "dialect". Knowing how to frame features and evolution of the functions of the dialects of Italy in its history. Learning to deal with the main tools that allow to document dialects of Italy and with methods and instruments of linguistic field survey.
Ability to evaluate features and functions of the different varieties of the repertory, to take awareness of the social value of linguistic variation. Ability to identify the main linguistic features responsible for the articulation of the dialectal Italy, through proper management of terminology. Ability to apply knowledge to the analysis of a case study.
Knowledge of fundamental concepts of general linguistics, history of Italian language and history of Italy are required.
Power-point slides are shown and analyzed; the slides are available on e-learning "Moodle" platform.
Further information and supplementary materials are also available on the Moodle platform in pdf format.
Students must enroll in the course using the "Moodle" e-learning platform.
The first part of the teaching ("Italian sociolinguistics": 6 weeks) is also given to students enrolled in the graduate courses "European and American language and literature" and "Communication Theories".
Type of Assessment
The examination will take place in oral form, even for students not attending, or participating in exchange programmes (Erasmus and others).The examination provides for an oral check of the correct assimilation of the concepts illustrated in the frontal lessons, with particular attention to the ability to argue and to manage the specific language of the subjects. The first part of the exam is devoted to sociolinguistics, and it checks the correct understanding of the concept of variation and its application to contemporary Italian repertoire. The second part of the exam is devoted to the relationship between the varieties of repertoire, focusing on the dynamics between Italian language and dialects of Italy after 1861. The last portion of the exam is devoted to Italian Dialectology. The students are requested to show their learning of the fundamental concepts of the subject, including the instruments (e.g. linguistic Atlas) that allow to value the main features of "dialects of Italy", even discussing materials made available through the e-learning platform of the course. At least one week before the day of the examination, students must hand over to the teacher the results of a short research essay about a particular dialect of Italy, which will be discussed at the time of the oral examination.
The exam is passed after having demonstrated a sufficient preparation in all the above mentioned parts.
Week 1: Sociolinguistics: variation, variable, variety. Week 2: Functions and Variety Hierarchy. Week 3: The "diamesic" perspective. Week 4: The "diastratic" perspective. Week 5: The "diaphasic" perspective. Week 6: "Diatopia" and the regional characteristics of the Italian language. Week 7: "Dialect": concept and functions. Week 8: Genesis and evolution of the dialects of Italy; Week 9: The "Linguistic Geography"; Week 10: The "Atlas of the Dialects of Italy" by G.B. Pellegrini; Week 11: The relationship between Italian language and dialects of Italy: diglossia, bilingualism, dilalia; Week 12: The Italian language and the dialects of Italy: distance and proximity of languages in contact.