Coastal classification. Coastal areas climate. The movement of the sea. Sea level changes. Sea cliffs. Submerging coasts. Beaches. Coastal dunes. Deltas. The coast in intertropical regions. Ice dominated coasts. Shore protection projects.
Enzo Pranzini, La forma delle coste. Geomorfologia costiera, impatto antropico e difesa dei litorali. Zanichelli, Bologna, Novembre 2004, pp. 245.
Capability of coastal processes analysis and beach erosion causes assessment. Shore protection and coastal management strategies design.
Type of Assessment
The form of the coast
Land-sea interface. Coastal classification.
Coastal areas climate
Land-Sea-Atmosphere thermal contrast. Island climate. Coastal climate in the Low, Mid and High latitudes.
The movement of the sea
Wave generation and propagation. Wave diffraction and refraction. Wave measurement. Tides.
Sea level changes
Eustatic variations and their causes. Holocene transgression. Future scenarios.
Vertical movement along the coast (tectonic and isostasy).
Cliff profile, wave notch and shore platforms. Human impact on rocky coasts. Cliff stabilization.
Fiords, skärgard and drumlin coast. Rias. Estuarine morphology. Tidal flats. Human impact on submerging coasts.
Sediment source, sediment size, beach profile. Barrier island, spits, tombolos. Sediment budget. Inlet stabilization.
Dune formation and geographical distribution. Human impact on dunes. Dune defence and reconstruction.
Delta shape and classification, Human impact on deltas.
The coast in intertropical regions
Coral reef origin, classification and distribution. Mangroves. Human impact on tropic coast.
Ice dominated coasts
Sea ice. Permafrost action on the coast, Ice dominated coast morphology.
Seawall, rip-rap, revetments. Groins.Submerged and permeable groins. Detached breakwaters. Island platforms. Beach planform control. Artificial nourishment. Drained beaches. Innovative and experimental shore protection projects.
Harbour impact on coastal dynamics.
Beach erosion causes removal.