Basic concepts in the genetic field. Main genetic-molecular processes underlying the inheritance and expression of plant, animal and human traits. Introduction to biotechnology. Analysis of real case studies.
Genetics, 4th Edition,
Peter J. Russell (ed. Pearson
Knowledge: The course aims to provide students with the conceptual basis in the field of genetics.
Skills and abilities acquired: Students will learn the main theories underlying the study of plant, animal, human and microorganism genetics.
The training objectives of the course are the following:
1) Ability to define the basic principles of molecular, Mendelian and quantitative genetics. Understanding the genetic control of qualitative and polygenic characters, determining the influence of the environment on their expression.
2) Be able to understand and describe the genetic mechanisms that regulate the expression of some typical characters in plants, animals and humans.
3) Ability to expose, even to a non-expert public, the basic notions of plant, animal and human genetics.
The course includes lectures and exercises.
Number of hours relating to classroom activities: 48
Frequency is strongly recommended.
Teaching tools: Lesson slides; scientific articles
Office hours: upon request.
Type of Assessment
Written exam at the end of the course or oral exams
Introduction and brief history of genetics. The Mendelian principles. Chi square test, autosomal and sexual chromosomes, sex-related inheritance. Linkage and recombination, maps. Mutations and mutagens. DNA repair, recombination. Extension of the Mendelian analysis. Quantitative genetics. Plant genetics. Human genetics. Bacterial genetics. Gene regulation in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Developmental genetics in Drosophila. Developmental genetics in the worm. Population genetics. Elements of molecular evolution.