Wood structure at microscopic level and ultrastructure. Relationship between wood and water. Physical and mechanical properties. Wood alterations and protection. Wood drying. Greenhouse gases and wood. Wood fuels. Technical rules. European Timber Regulation (Reg. 995/2010). Forest cableways: functioning and use, planning and design of the ways.
Bonamini G., Uzielli L., Zanuttini R. Elementi di tecnologia del legno.
Nardi Berti R. - La struttura anatomica del legno ed il riconoscimento dei legnami italiani di più corrente impiego. II edizione, CNR-IVALSA.
Fabiano F., Marchi E. (2001) - Note pratiche sul dimensionamento di gru a cavo forestali - Editore Compagnia delle Foreste. Arezzo.
Giordano G. Tecnologia del legno, UTET
M. Togni; M. Noferi (2003). Produzioni e prodotti dell'industria del legno.
Publications on specific matters, provided by teacher.
Standards used during lessons
(UNI e EN).
Course notes provided by the teachers.
Knowledge: wood and its properties, for forest and plantation management for wood production or in the forest operations and in the woodworking. Additional expertise on load-bearing timber and wood as biofuel. Cable yarder components, type and use.
Skills acquired: assessment of the quality of timber and suitability of its uses, analyse the characteristics of wood (as round or sawn wood, or as an artefact), and assess the correctness of the environment conservation condition. Cable yarding planning and design
- professional skill: 1) expertise on the choice of wood species and the correctness of use; 2) competence on wood processing and wood conservation; 3) improvement of forest operation efficiency and effectiveness in mountainous areas.
- research ability: 1) potentiality of innovation about wood and wood products; 2) critical aspects about wood in relation to provenance, silviculture, forestry; 3) innovation and improvement of efficiency/safety in cable logging.
Forest operation, wood quality and grading.
The lectures and exercitation are not mandatory. However the frequency is recommended.
Type of Assessment
Written exams. Practical test.
Final oral examination. In the oral examination the property of language, logical ability and critical reasoning will be assessed.
Wood structure: micro level and ultrastructure. Upgrade about relationship between wood and water. Physical and mechanical properties. Wood alterations and protection: biotic and abiotic alterations, durability, treatments for durability. Wood and the environment: condition for the conservation of wooden artefacts. Italian woods: characteristics, origins, uses. Greenhouse gases and wood. European Timber Regulation (Reg. 995/2010 - Due Diligence). Wooden fuels. Elements for the choose of the wood species. Forest cableways: functioning and use. Cable yarder sledge-winch-based, mobile cable yarder, carriages and other tools/staff. Planning and design of the ways.