The course supplies, in the historical perspective, a brief account of the relationship between shape and technique in the western architecture until the advent of industrialization. The course has the objective to allow a critical reading of the form, material and structure that concur to determine an architectonic work.
Storia della tecnologia, a cura di C. Singer, E.J. Holmyard, A.R. Hall ,Torino, Boringhieri, 1961-1965.B. Gille, Storia delle tecniche, a cura di C. Tarsitani, Roma, Editori Riuniti, 1985.A.W. Lawrence, Greek Architecture, New Haven-London, Yale University Press, 1996.R. Carpenter, Gli architetti del Partenone, Torino, Einaudi, 1979.J.-P. Adam, L'arte di costruire presso i Romani. Materiali e tecniche, Milano, Longanesi, 1988.M.W. Jones, Principles of Roman Architecture, New Haven-London, Yale University Press, 2000.R. Taylor, Roman Builders. A Study in Architectural Process, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2003.M. Cecchelli, Materiali e tecniche nell'edilizia paleocristiana a Roma, Roma 2001.R.J. Mainstone, Hagia Sophia. Architecture, Structure and Liturgy of Justinian's Great Church, New York, Thames and Hudson, 1988.S. Di Pasquale, L'arte del costruire tra conoscenza e scienza, Venezia, Marsilio, 1996.L. Ippolito, C. Peroni, La cupola di Santa Maria del Fiore, Roma, La Nuova Italia Scientifica, 1997.P.N. Pagliara, Antico e Medioevo in alcune tecniche costruttive del XV e XVI secolo, in particolare a Roma, "Annali di Architettura", X-XI, 1998-1999, pp. 233-260.N. Marconi, Edificando Roma Barocca. Macchine, apparati, maestranze e cantieri tra XVI e XVIII secolo, Citta' di Castello, Edimond, 2004F. Bellini, Le cupole di Borromini. La "scientia" costruttiva in eta' barocca, Milano, Electa, 2004.
Knowledge acquired: Basic knowledge relating to the main construction techniques in use in western architecture until the nineteenth century.Competence acquired:The skills required to identify static systems and masonry and finishing techniques in use in western architecture until the nineteenth century.Skills acquired (at the end of the course): The ability to read and interpret properly the material and structural properties of an architectural work in their relationship with the formal components, and to explain verbally the knowledge and experience.
Courses to be used as requirements (required and/or recommended)Courses required: History of architectureCourses recommended: none
CFU:6 Contact hours for: Lectures (hours): 48
Type of Assessment
Oral examination, in which the student must demonstrate adequate knowledge of the topics covered during the course.
Wooden structures; adobe and mud-bricks masonries; dry-stone masonries. Structures with large stone blocks, the trilithic structural system; false arches and false vaults. Lime and concrete, masonry in small blocks. Arches and vaults in stone and brick, concrete arches and vaults. Development of vaulted structures, systems of buttresses. Renaissance revival of ancient techniques in the architecture. Iron in structures, armed masonry, the elastic structural system.