The structure and functions of the plant cells and tissues. Functions, morphology and anatomy of stem, root and leaf. Main processes of plant physiology. Microscopy of cells and tissues with particular references to V. vinifera.
Pancaldi S., Baldisserotto C., Ferroni L., Pantaleoni L., Fondamenti di Botanica Generale. Teoria e pratica. McGraw-Hill, 2011.
Longo C., Biologia vegetale forma e funzioni. II Ed. UTET, 1997.
Rost T.L., Barbour M.G., Stocking C.R., Murphy T.M., Biologia delle piante. Ed. Zanichelli, 2008.
Taiz L., Zeiger E., Elementi di Fisiologia vegetale. Piccin, 2013.
Speranza A., Calzoni G.L., Struttura delle piante in immagini. Ed. Zanichelli, 1996.
course purpose is to provide basic elements on the organization of the seed plants at cellular, histological and anatomic level and for the understanding of the main physiological processes which regulate their development. Specific references to Vitis vinifera.
Courses recommended: general, inorganic and organic chemistry
Total hours of the course (including the time spent in attending lectures, seminars, private study, examinations, etc...): 225
Hours reserved to private study and other indivual formative activities: 153
Contact hours for: Lectures (hours): 50
Contact hours for: Laboratory (hours):
Contact hours for: Laboratory-field/practice (hours): 22
Seminars (hours): 0
Intermediate examinations: 0
By appointment: tel 055-2755854
Frequency of lectures, practice and lab:
Not mandatory but recommended
Power point by the teacher
Modalità di verifica apprendimento
Programma del corso
Introduction to the Course. Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cell: the main morphological and functional characteristics.
Cytology. Plant cell. Ultrastructure and functions of biological membranes.
plasmalemma, nucleous, cytoskeleton, smooth and rough endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, dictyosomes, mitochondria, cell wall, plastidi, vacuole: origin, structure and functions. Cell cycle. Mitosis and cell division. Meiosis and gamic reproduction.
Histology. Plant tissues: primary and secondary meristems (vascular and cork cambium). Somatic tissues: tegumental, parenchyma, collenchyma, sclerenchyma, vascular and secretory tissues.
Anatomy: stem and root: morphology and primary plant body of Angyosperms and Gymnosperms, secondary plant body of Dicotiledones and Gymnosperms. Origin of lateral roots and specialized roots. Leaf: morphology and structure of Angyosperms and Gymnosperms. Flowers and inflorescences. Gametophytes development, pollination, double fertilization. Life cycle of Angiosperms. Fruit, seed and seedling development. Types of fruits.
Agamic reproduction: apomixis, vegetative propagation and micropropagation.
Particular references to Vitis vinifera.
Physiology. Principles of thermodynamics. Enzymes. Biogeochemical cycles: Cycle C and N. Basic principles of C3, C4 and CAM photosynthesis. Water properties.
Plant water relationships. Transpiration and stomata functioning. Absorption by roots and water flow in the xilem. Transport of organic compounds. Plant hormones.
Laboratory work includes microscopic examinations of cells and tissues with particular references to Vitis vinifera.