Characteristics of Birds and Mammals. Physiological mechanisms of thermoregulation. Principles of Wildlife Ecology, Description of the main species of Mammals and Birds of Europe and short account on some species of the other Continents
- Notes from the lessons held by professor Giorgetti
- CASANOVA P., CAPACCIOLI A., CELLINI L., 1993 – Appunti di zoologia venatoria e gestione della selvaggina. Pagnini Editore, Firenze.
- PETERSON R., MOUNTFORT G., HOLLOM P.A.D., Franco Muzzio editore1983 – Guida agli uccelli d'Europa.
- SIMONETTA A. M., DESSÌ-FULGHERI F., 1998. Principi e Tecniche di Gestione faunistico-venatoria. Greentime, Bologna.
The course is designed to impart general knowledge on physioclimatology in homeothermic animals, on wildlife ecology and populations dynamics.
Knowledge on main wild species(Mammalians and Birds) in Europe
Skills acquired (at the end of the course) Knowledge on morphological, ecological and ethological characteristics of main wild species, finalized to a correct management
Recognition of different species and subspecies of European mammals and birds.
To be able to evaluate a territory and estimate its carrying capacity for a wild species. To be able to make a census of wild populations.
Recommended courses: Morfofisiologia zootecnica
Hours reserved to private study and other indivual formative activities: 153
Contact hours for: Lectures (hours): 44
Frequency of lectures, practice and lab:
not compulsory but strongly encouraged
Type of Assessment
1. The Animal kingdom and its taxonomy.
The vertebrate subphylum
Anatomical, morphological and physiological characteristics of Birds and Mammals.
2. Importance of wildlife management. The main Italian institutions for wildlife management and hunting. Ecosystem. Ecological factors. Habitat and ecological niche. Limiting factors. Communities, species, subspecies and populations. Trophic chains. Primary production and carrying capacity. Population dynamics and factors influencing.
3. Heterothermy and homeothermy. Termoregulation. Thermic balance. Mechanisms of production and loss of heat in birds and mammals.
4. Description of key species of the orders of MAMMALS
- CARNIVORA (Mustelidae: Weasel, Ermine, Stone Marten, European Polecat, Eurasian Badger and Marten; Canidae: Fox; Felidae: Lynx and Wildcat).
- LAGOMORPHA: Hare, Mountain Hare, European Rabbit and Arizona cottontail.
Bovidae: Mouflon, Wild goat, Alpine ibex, Alpine chamois, chamois of the Pyrenees and Abruzzo chamois.
Cervidae: Red Deer, Fallow Deer, Roe Deer, Reindeer, Moose.
Suidae: Wild boar
Description of key species of the orders of BIRDS:
- Notes on:
STRUTHIONIFORMES: Ostrich, Cassowary, Emu, Rhea, Kiwi; TINAMIFORMES; SPHENISCIFORMES; GAVIIFORMES: Northern Loon, Red-Throated Diver, Black-Throated Diver; PODICIPEDIFORMES (Grebes); PROCELLARIIFORMES; PELECANIIFORMES(Cormorants, Pelicans, Boobies, Ibis And Spoonbills).
- CICONIIFORMES: Ardeidae (Herons and Bitterns), Catartidae, Ciconidae (White Stork);
- PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Flamingo pink and notes on other species.
- ANSERIFORMES: notes on Animidae and
- Anatidae (Anatinae): Mallard, Garganey, Teal, Gadwall, Shoveler, Pintail, Widgeon;
- Anatidae (Aitinae): Marbled Duck, Red-crested Pochard, Tufted Duck, Common Pochard
observations about Merginae;
- Anatidae (Anserinae): Wild goose, Greater white-fronted goose, Lesser white-fronted goose, Swans. Notes on Stictonectinae and Tadorninae
- FALCONIFORMES: Montagu's Harrier, Hen Harrier, Short-toed Eagle, Eurasian Sparrowhawk, Marsh Harrier, Honey Buzzard
- ACCIPITRIFORMES: Northern Goshawk, Golden Eagle, Peregrine Falcon, Black Kite, Common Buzzard
- STRIGIFORMES (notes) Tawny owl, Horned Owl, Barn Owl, Little Owl, Boreal Owl, Eurasian Pygmy Owl, Eurasian Eagle Owl, Long-eared Owl
- PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae: Rook, Carrion crow, Common Raven, Jackdaw, Alpine Chough, Red-billed Chough, Magpie, Eurasian Jay, Spotted Nutcracker;
Alaudidae: Sky Lark and Crested Lark;
Turdidae: Eurasian Blackbird, Feldfare, Song Trash, Redwing, Mistle Thrush and their differential characteristics; notes on European Robin, Nightingale, Black Redstart, Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush;
- Notes on the Families: Irundinidae, Motacillidae, Trogloditidae, Prunellidae, Sylviidae, Muscicapidae, Certidae, Oriolidae, Lanidae, Sturnidae, Passeridae, Fringillidae
Fasianidae: : taxonomy, morphology, distribution, biology, ethology of:
Pheasant, Grey Partridge, Red-legged Partridge, Rock Partridge, Quail, Francolin. Environmental improvements for the various species. Notes on Odontoforidae, Megapodidae, Cracidae, Meleagridae, Numididae.
- Tetraonidae: Hazel Grouse, Ptarmigan, Black Grouse, Capercaillie.
- Scolopacidae: Woodcock, Snipe, Curlew, blender, Pittime, Redshank, Ruff.
- COLUMBIFORMES: Pigeon, Doves, Wild Pigeon.
- Notes on GRUIFORMES
5. The international conventions for the conservation of habitats and wildlife