Insects: major anatomical and morphological structures in relation to the food damage with trace analysis for identification purposes; biology and control of main stored food pests.
Post harvest diseases, basic plant pathology, general view of biology and ecology of mycotoxigenic fungi, methods for measurement, evaluation and control of mycotoxin contamination
L. Süss, D. P. Locatelli (2001),"I parassiti delle derrate",Edagricole, Bologna.
e urbana", Aracne Editrice, Roma
D. Capizzi, L. Santini (2007), "I Roditori italiani", Antonio Delfino Editore, Roma
Belcari A., Macchione P., Gianchecchi U., Bacciotti D., Nencetti A., Rossi F.,2012, " Gestione Integrata degli animali infestanti nelle industrie alimentari" FUP, Univestità degli Studi di Firenze
-Patologie in post raccolta:
-Belli G.,2012. Elementi di Patologia Vegetale. Seconda edizione. PICCIN Editore, Padova
-De Cicco V., Bertolini P., Salerno M.G., 2009. Patologia post-raccolta dei prodotti vegetali. Piccin Editore, Padova.
-Anelli G. e F. Mencarelli, 1990. Conservazione degli ortofrutticoli, REDA, Roma.
-Bondoux P., 1992. Maladies de conservation des fruits à pépins pommes et poires. INRA, Paris, 173 pp.
Snowdon A.I., 1990. A color atlas of post-harvest diseases and disorders of fruit and vegetables. Vol. 1, 2. Wolfe Ed., 302 pp.
Knowledge acquired: basics on arthopods pests of the stored food.
Post Harvest: o learn the basic principles of plant pathology and behind the factors and processes affecting post-harvest diseases and the risk of contamination by mycotoxines in fresh produce
Competence acquired (at the end of the course): to give a right determination of arthropod pests and/or their damages
Skills acquired (at the end of the course):
To plan proper strategies for prevention and control of stored food pests.
Biology, Microbiology, Organic Chemistry
Contact hours for:24
Lectures (hours): 16
Practice (hours): 6
Intermediate examinations: 2
Frequency of lectures, practice and lab:
Teaching tools: movies, insects pests slides, entomological boxes and living insects pests
Type of Assessment
Exam modality written texts during the course and written final examination.
The acquisition of an appropriate knowledge of scientific language; a sufficiently clear knowledge of Entomological and pathological concepts; an adequate reasoning capacity on problems related to post-harvest diseases of fresh produce will be verified
-Post harvest: written text.
Introduction. Insects within Arthropods. Morphology of Insects: head, thorax and abdomen. Mouth parts and feeding activity.
Anatomy and physiology of the following systems: integument, nervous, endocrine, respiratory, circulatory, digestive, excretory, reproductive. The insects life cycle. Reproduction and development. Moulting process, metamorphosis. General models of the life cycle. The no-metamorphosis model. The gradual metamorphosis model. The incomplete metamorphosis model. The complete metamorphosis model. The adult. Reproductive behaviour and foraging strategies. Pheromones. Insects classification. Useful and harmful species. Insects collecting and species identification. The entomological box. Insects pest control. Integrated Pest Management. Biological control. Surveillance and sampling.
General and introductory relating to earwig, Hemiptera and Psocoptera
General and introductory aspects of Apterigota related to: Tysanura: biology, ecology and resources for monitoring and control;
General and introductory aspects related to Pterigota: Blattoidea: Bioecology, ethology, damage, monitoring and control systems;
Morpho-taxonomic examination of the main species damaging the stored food: biology and integrated pest management (bioecology, ethology, damage, monitoring and control) of the main species belonging the the following orders: Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Diptera.
Rodents sinanthropus: biology, ecology and morpho-taxonomic examination of the major pest in the food chain; trace analysis for the identification, monitoring and control of Mus domesticus, Rattus rattus and Rattus norvegicus.
General Plant Pathology - Basic concepts, fungal and bacterial plant pathogens, disease cycle, main mechanisms of attacks by pathogens and host plant defense.
General Post-harvest Pathology - Definition, economic importance of market diseases, factors influencing post-harvest diseases, and basic knowledge for prevention and treatment.
Most important post-harvest diseases of fruit and vegetables. Basics of diagnosis of post harvest diseases.
Mycotoxins from fungal infections in fresh produce. Biology of the most important mycotoxigenic fungi (Aspergillus, Peniciliium, Fusarium, Alternaria). main mycotoxins in vegetables, cereals and grape. Elements for diagnosis and basic principles for control.