G. Lakoff, M. Johnson, Metafora e vita quotidiana, Bompiani.
A. Peruzzi, An Essay on the Notion of Schema, in L. Albertazzi (ed.), Shapes of Form, Kluwer, Amsterdam 1999, pp. 191-243.
The Geometric Roots of Semantics, in L. Albertazzi (ed.) Meaning and Cognition, John Benjamins, Amsterdam, 2000, pp. 169-201. Dispense del corso.
Knowledge of both the main views bout metaphor and the basic schemes identified in the cognitive approach. Understanding of the metaphorical character of notions expressed in natural language , and ability to recognise which schemes are activated in examples.
This means competence in applying the knowledge provided by the course to the analysis of the content of sentences, images and other forms of communication. Such competence is oriented to stimulate autonomy of judgment and to promote ability in communication by means of schemes different of those actually used. As for the behavioral objectives, the course invites students to a correct and active use of the resources provided by the university, both within and out of the course,.
Lessons, with classrorom activities aimed at the recognition of metaphorical schemes in texts of various kinds (newspapers, scientific texts, advertising, poetry).
Type of Assessment
Oral examinations. Students will answer questions about the theories of metaphor and their mutual differences. Students will be given a short text in which they will have to spot the metaphorical schemes it exploits. Finally they will be asked to show the consequences, for the theory of knowledge, which follow from assigning primacy to one scheme rather than another. As evaluation standard will be adopted the criterion used since the greek schools of IV century b.C., passed on through generations, with no axiomatization, needed for robotic systems or dishonest humans. Average duration of each exam: 30 minutes.
The transition from the view of metaphor as belonging to rhetoric to the view of metaphor as an epistemic scheme. The view of Lakoff and Johnson, its developments and its philosophical meaning. The list of basic schemes according to the model proposed by Peruzzi and their formalisation.