Definition of soil, characteristics and properties of soil colloidal fraction, soil anion and cation exchange capacity, pH and soil buffer capacity. Natural and anthropic soils.
Review ofplant biochemistry
Plant soil nutrient up take strategy.
Secondary metabolism in relation to the adaptation of the plant to environmental stresses.
Certini, Ugolini. Basi di Pedologia..Edagricole Ed.
Schaetzl and Anderson. Soils Genesis and Geomorphology. Adobe eBook Reader
Calamai, Radaelli . Chimica del Suolo. Piccin Ed.
Strawn, Bohn, O'Connor. Soil Chemistry, 4th Edition. Wiley-Blackwell Eds.
Bosetto, Lozzi. Elementi di Biochimica agraria. Aracne Ed. Pinton, Cocucci, Nannipieri, Trevisan. Fondamenti di Biochimica Agraria. Patron Ed..
Lea J.P., Leegood R.C. Plant biochemistry and molecular biology. Wiley Ed
Competence acquired (at the end of the course): Understanding of the main biological processes underlying soil fertility and soil-plant interactions at the basis of adaptive plant capacity in relation to environmental stresses
Basic knowledge of inorganic and organic chemistry, botany, anatomy and plant physiology are strongly recommended
Total hours of the course: 144
Hours reserved to private study and other indivual formative activities: 96
Contact hours forLectures: 32
Seminars/excursions:8 Stages: 0
Frequency of lectures, practice and lab., although not compulsory, is recommended
Video projector, PC, overhead projector, labs
Type of Assessment
Exam modality: oral examination on the subjects of lectures and laboratory
Soil definition. Physical characteristics: texture, texture, aggregates and porosity. Chemical characteristics: mineral colloids (clay, oxides and hydroxides Iron and Aluminum) and organic (organic matter). Development and relevance of independent pH charge and soil pH dependent. The cationic and anionic exchange capacity, pH relevance and its determination (pH H2O and pH KCl). Soil pH buffer capacity. Soil as a biological system: relevance of the biotic component, definition of hot spots and bulk soil. Soil bioenergetic and relevance of intra and extracellular enzymatic activities .. Description of soil hot spot types. Definition of soil fertility and functionality. Description of the functionality of acidic soils, saline, arid and submerged, glacial, volcanic and fireplaces. Description of anthropogenic soil functionality: agricultural and urban soils.
Difference between primary and secondary metabolism of plants. Relevance of secondary metabolism in plant adaptation capability with description of the major classes of secondary metabolites and their function in the plant.
Study of rhizosphere as a soil-plant interface. Analysis of the rhizosphere main characteristics and biochemical reactions useful for plant. Role of root exudates in plant nutrition. Influence of the soil type on the plant nutrient uptake focusing on nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur uptake
Introduction to the major molecular techniques based on DNA analysis
Determining soil fertility by pH measurements, exchange capacity, bioavailability nutritional elements. Techniques of extraction and purification of organic molecules (DNA).