The course provides an overview on the occurrence and behavior of
organic and inorganic chemicals in the environment. The course will try to develop the students' decision-making skills in the choice of the most appropriate surface techniques for the study of surfaces. We will deepen our knowledge in the field of solar cells and fuel cells with their technological and environmental implications.
Roger Reeve, Introduction to environmental analysis. Wiley. - F.W.
Fifield and D. Kealey, Principles and practical of analytical chemistry. John O'M Bockris, N.S Amulya, K.N. Reddy, "Modern Electrochemistry 2B – Electrodics in Chemistry, Engineering, Biology and Environmental Science", Kluwer Academic, New York, 2000.
Knowledge acquired: Chemical substances and their physical chemical
properties; transport processes and fate of the pollutants in the
environment; water/soil/air sampling techniques; sample preparation,
extraction, clean-up and analysis for the determination of organic and
inorganic contaminants. Characterize and discuss environmental and health
impacts of contaminants
Knowledge of the catalytic factors that affect the mechanism of electrochemical processes of environmental interest.
The fundamental role of Electrochemistry of the energy production and storage.
CFU: 6 Total hours of the course: 48 (including Lectures and lab activities)
Type of Assessment
Colloquium on the course topics. Oral power point slide presentation
(about 10 minutes) on a cutting-edge environmental topic
Class lectures: - Introduction to the main classes of organic and inorganic
pollutants in water, air and soil. - Basics on air/water/soil pollutants:
occurrence, production, origin, distribution, transport, transformation and
their fate in the environment. - Legacy, emerging and new persistent
organic pollutants (POPs) (such as organochlorine pesticides, dioxins,
PCBs, PBDEs, BTEX, PFCs) with focus on chemical-physical properties that
influence occurrence and persistence, reactivity, dispersion and
decomposition in the environment. Stockholm Convention. - National and
international legislations on limits and methods of analysis of
environmental pollutants - Overview on the most common methods for
air/water/soil sampling, sample preparation, treatment and storage. -
Knowledge of the principal extraction methods for environmental
analysis: Liquid-Liquid extraction, Solid Phase Extraction (SPE), Solid
Phase Micro-Extraction (SPME), Solid-Liquid Extraction, Soxhlet and
Soxtec methods, Accelerated solvent extraction, assisted Microwave
extraction. - Instrumental analytical techniques for pollutant analysis,
mainly chromatographic techniques, such as high pressure liquid
chromatography (HPLC), gas-chromatography (GC); mass spectrometry
(MS); coupling HPLC-MS and GC-MS; - Quality Assurance and Quality
Control (QA/QC) in the analytical laboratory: quality of analytical data,
accuracy and precision, recovery, field and lab blanks, repeatability and
reproducibility, calibration curve, reference materials, limit of detection,
validation of analytical data. - Environmental toxicology and risk
assessment Laboratory: Determination of specific pollutants in
soil/water/air samples: sampling, treatment and analysis. Instrumental
Morphological and compositional analysis of surfaces with Microscopic and Spectroscopic techniques. Data elaboration.