Stress and strain. Rheological behavior of rocks. Joints and faults systems. Strike-slip, extensional, compressive and inversion tectonics. Salt Tectonics. Neotectonics and active tectonics. Ductile deformation of metamorphic rocks: folds, foliations and lineations.
Hobbs, Means & Williams (1976). An outline of structural geology. Wiley, 571 pp.
Fossen H. (2010)-Structural Geology. Cambridge University Press, 463 pp.
Price N.J. & Cosgrove J.W. (1990). Analysis of geological structures. Cambridge University Press, 502 pp..
Ramsay & Huber (1983). The techniques of modern structural geology. Vol. 1 Strain Analysis. Academic Press. p. 1-307.
Ramsay & Huber (1987). The techniques of modern structural geology. Vol. 2 Folds & Fractures. Academic Press. p. 308-700.
The course aims to give a basic preparation about deformation of rocks and of rheological parameters that determine the type of deformation. Moreover, the course will give information about the techniques of analysis of structural data and their elaboration in order to reconstruct the tectonic evolution of studied areas.
Basic geological knowledge
Frontal lessons and field excursions
The course includes some not mandatory excursions in the field to show some example of brittle and ductile deformations
Type of Assessment
Oral examination on the main arguments of the course. In particular will be verified the knowledge of Stress, strain and rheology, as well as on the deformative features on brittle and ductile geological contexts.
nsights on the concepts of stress and strain. Mohr's circle, the Coulomb-Mohr Law. Homogeneous and inhomogeneous deformation, incremental, finite and infinite strain. Rheological behavior of rocks. Joints and fractures systems. Fault systems and types of faults. Fault rocks. Veins. Extensional, compressive, Strike-slip, and inversion tectonics: basic concepts, definitions and current nomenclature. Reconstruction of the regional geology from seismic profiles. Neotectonics and active tectonics: definitions and methods of study. Graphic and statistical treatment of structural data. Ductile deformation of metamorphic rocks: folds, foliations, lineations and blastesis. Superimposed folding. Ductile shear zones. Internal deformation of intrusive igneous bodies