Course teached as: B004688 - LETTERATURA CINESE 1 (12 CFU) 3-years First Cycle Degree (DM 270/04) in LANGUAGES, LITERATURES AND INTERCULTURAL STUDIES Curriculum STUDI LINGUISTICI, LETTERARI E INTERCULTURALI
Italian and Chinese
The course aims to explore the peculiarities of Chinese literature as a whole, and the movements, authors and main works of Chinese Classical literature from the earliest epigraphic documents to the First Opium War, also through the reading and analysis (in Italian and original language) of some of the texts that have exerted the greatest influence in the history of Chinese literature.
Giuliano Bertuccioli (2013), La letteratura cinese, L'Asino d'oro edizioni, a cura di F. Casalin, "Prefazione" e Capitoli 1- 7.
Wylt Idema; Lloyd Haft (2000), Letteratura cinese, Cafoscarina, fino a p. 274.
Miriam Castorina (2011), La cultura cinese. Manuale di mediazione linguistica, Milano, Hoepli.
Besides the manuals, it is necessary to read:
A book chosen among:
- Confucio, Dialoghi, Torino, Einaudi, 2003.
- Zhuangzi, (a cura di Liou Kia-hway), Adelphi, 1992.
- Sunzi, L'arte della guerra, Demetra, 2017.
- 101 storie Zen, (a cura di N. Senzaki e P. Reps), Adelphi, 2007.
A book chosen among:
- Ban, Zhao, Precetti per le donne e altri trattati cinesi di comportamento femminile, Torino: Einaudi, 2011.
- Wang, Wei, Le stagioni blu: l'opera di Wang Wei poeta e pittore, Milano: Luni, 1994.
- Li Bai, L'uomo, il poeta, Milano: Ariele, 2016.
A novel chosen among:
- Wu Cheng'en, Lo scimmiotto, Adelphi, 2002.
- Cao Xueqin, Il sogno della camera rossa, Bur-Rizzoli, 2008.
Texts in Chinese will be available on Moodle.
The course (72 hours) aims to:
a. to increase awareness of the changes that occurred in Chinese history and society up to the 19th century;
b. o introduce students to Chinese philosophy and to different literary genres;
c. to familiarize students with the critical instruments required for the analysis of literary texts;
d. to enable students to develop a critical consciousness and an awareness of critical theory and culture theory through detailed analyses of some of the most representative works of Chinese literature up to the 19th century.
1) Knowledge and understanding: Students will demonstrate a critical knowledge and understanding of the main literary genres, authors, works, and Chinese literary phenomena from the first literary forms to the 19th century.
2) Applying knowledge and understanding: Students will learn how to apply processes, models, questions, and theories that result in enhanced
clarity in the comprehension of literary texts included in the program, which will be appreciated in both their formal and their contextual features.
3) Making judgments: Students will develop the ability to discuss the literary questions considered during the course, proposing critical perspectives and well-grounded judgments on the texts included in the program.
4) Communication skills: Students will develop the ability to communicate information, ideas, problems, and solutions on the topics covered during the lessons, with particular attention to philosophical and literary contents.
5) Learning skills: Students will acquire the methodological tools needed to read, analyze and understand literary texts in their generic structures.
A good understanding of the Italian language (B2) and a first level of the Chinese language (HSK2 or CEFR's A2) are required.
Apart from lectures, students will be involved in an active exchange on Moodle where they will submit short papers on the texts chosen from the Reading List.
The course takes place in the first and in the second semester. Further information will be given at the beginning of the course.
Type of Assessment
Written papers (to be submitted on Moodle) and a written final test (closed-ended and open questions). The exam will test students' knowledge of:
1. The history of Chinese literature from the earliest epigraphic documents up to the contemporary the 19th century.
2. Specific issues and themes in Chinese literature, with a particular focus on: Chinese philosophy, prose, poetry, theatre, fiction;
3. Key texts and critical literature.
Students will demonstrate the ability to analyze and critically evaluate the texts discussed in class, and to place them within their historical and cultural contexts.
Successful candidates will be required to demonstrate adequate knowledge in at least two-thirds of the questions proposed in the written text. The final evaluation consists of the set of evaluations obtained in the short papers submitted and of the answers given in the written final test.
The exam aims to assess:
- The knowledge of key concepts in the history of Classical Chinese literature.
- The ability to describe and place literary phenomena within their contexts of production and reception;
- The ability of close reading and appreciation of all the texts included in the reading list as well as a thorough command of methodological and theoretical tools;
- The ability to use formal and critical terminology.
Students will demonstrate the ability to discuss the topics treated during the course, possibly making appropriate connections among different authors and works.
Grades are given on the basis of 30 points. Points are awarded if students are able to
1) describe the forms and contents of the reference books and original texts,
2) understand, summarize and propose critical readings of these materials,
3) elaborate personal and autonomous judgments,
Nos. 1 and 4 are essential in order to obtain the minimum passing grade (18/30); higher evaluations depend on to what extent' students have developed their skills in all four points listed above.
The course will present the most important stages of the development of Chinese literature, since early divinatory inscriptions on oracle bones and ritual bronzes, to the first half of the 19th century. The course will have a preliminary part dedicated to the peculiarities of the Chinese language and writing system and literary genres. The following part is to present the most relevant features of Chinese ancient philosophical thought, with a special focus on Daoism and Confucianism. Moving on in chronological order, the course will present the various historical periods in analysis, focusing on authors, genres, works, and literary trends. Particular attention will be given to philosophical, military, historical, and poetic texts that will be analyzed in class.