Course teached as: B004689 - LETTERATURA GIAPPONESE 1 (12 CFU) 3-years First Cycle Degree (DM 270/04) in LANGUAGES, LITERATURES AND INTERCULTURAL STUDIES Curriculum STUDI LINGUISTICI, LETTERARI E INTERCULTURALI
The course will focus on the major authors, texts and genres in medieval and pre-modern Japanese literary culture in their historical contexts. It aims to introduce to the main themes and issues in Japanese literature from the late 12th century to the 19th century. The course is divided into two modules. Module 1: Edo literature. Module 2: Kamakura-Muromachi literature.
- Donald Keene, World within Walls. Japanese Literature of the Pre-modern Era, 1600-1867, Tokyo, Tuttle, 1976, chapters 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 10, 11, 16,17.
- Luisa Bienati e Adriana Boscaro, La narrativa giapponese classica, Venezia, Marsilio, 2010, pp: 139-172, 174-180, 184-203.
- Pierantonio Zanotti, Introduzione alla storia della poesia giapponese: Dalle origini all'Ottocento, Venezia, Marsilio, 2012, pp. 104-126.
- Bonaventura Ruperti, Storia del teatro giapponese. Dalle origini all'Ottocento. Venezia, Marsilio, 2015, chapters: "Dal medioevo all'età premoderna", "Il ningy? j?ruri", "Il kabuki".
- Kato Shuichi, Storia della letteratura giapponese, vol.I, Venezia, Marsilio, 1987, pp. 189-281.
- Kato Shuichi, Letteratura giapponese. Disegno storico, Venezia, Marsilio, 2000, pp. 97-134.
- Luisa Bienati e Adriana Boscaro, La narrativa giapponese classica, Venezia, Marsilio, 2010, pp. 119-138.
- Pierantonio Zanotti, Introduzione alla storia della poesia giapponese giapponese: Dalle origini all'Ottocento, Venezia, Marsilio, 2012 (Cap.8, pp. 71-84).
- Bonaventura Ruperti, Storia del teatro giapponese. Dalle origini all'Ottocento, Venezia, Marsilio, 2015, pp. 57-103.
The course (72 hours) will focus on the study of pre-modern (module 1) and medieval literature (module 2) in Japan. Aims of the course:
a. to familiarize students with the most representative texts of pre-modern and medieval Japan as contextualized in their historical and cultural background;
b. to introduce students to the different literary genres of these periods;
c. to enable students to develop a critical consciousness through the analysis of some the most representative texts of literature in Japan from the late 12th century to the 19th century.
1. Knowledge and understanding: Students will demonstrate knowledge and understanding in the historical and cultural contexts of pre-modern and medieval Japan and will acquire the basic tools for a correct approach to the formal and substantive components of the literary texts introduced during the lessons.
2. Applying knowledge and understanding: Students will learn how to situate Japanese literary texts in their specific cultural context, relating them to the key cultural concepts, the aesthetic ideals and the stylistic codes of pre-modern and medieval Japan.
3. Making judgements. By the end of the course students will be able to expand and improve their knowledge of the field autonomously, singling out authors, texts or subjects for further, independent study.
4. Communication skills: Students will develop the ability to communicate information with reference to the themes considered during the lessons, making appropriate use of the relevant Japanese terms and showing a good command of the Japanese aesthetic and stylistic terminology pertinent to the literary texts and genres dealt with.
5. Learning skills: Students will acquire the basic methodological tools needed to read and understand literary texts in their generic structures.
Lectures with use of the e-learning platform Moodle.
The course takes place both in the first and in the second semester.
Module 1 (Edo period literature): lessons will take place in the first semester and will be taught by prof. Sagiyama.
Module 2 (Kamakura-Muromachi period literature): lessons will take place in the second semester and will be taught by Fraccaro for the first four weeks (program subjects A-D) e by prof. Sagiyama for the last two weeks (program subjects E-G).
Further bibliographical references will be provided during the lessons.
With the exception of part-time students, attendance is compulsory for at least two thirds of the lessons.
Type of Assessment
Students can sit both modules, or one module at a time.
The exam will begin with the discussion of a subject chosen by the candidate and will continue with two or three questions about the authors, texts and genres considered during the lessons.
The exam will test students' knowledge of:
1. The history of Japanese literature and culture from the late 12th to the 19th centuries;
2. The major texts and genres of pre-modern and medieval Japan;
3. The key cultural concepts, themes and aesthetic principles of pre-modern and medieval Japanese literature.
Successful candidates will be required to demonstrate adequate knowledge in all of the above points (1,2,3).
The exam aims to assess:
- The knowledge of the authors, themes and genres in the history of Japanese literature from the late 12th to the 19th centuries;
- The ability to describe and place literary phenomena within their contexts of production;
- The ability to make precise use of the Japanese terminology pertinent to the subjects treated during the course.
Grades are given on the basis of 30 points. The final grade will be calculated as the mean of the grades gained for module A and the grades gained for module B.
Points are awarded if students are able to:
1) accurately and neatly summarize the contents and the formal aspects of the texts studied;
2) make appropriate connections between different authors and works;
2) express themselves clearly;
3) Use appropriate terms.
The course will focus on the major authors, texts and genres in medieval and pre-modern Japanese literary culture in their historical contexts. It aims to introduce to, and develop a critical awareness of, the main themes and issues in Japanese literature from the late 12th century to the 19th century. The course is divided into two modules. Module 1: Edo period literature (17th-19th century). Module 2: Kamakura-Muromachi period literature (late 12th-16th century).
Module 1: Students will be introduced to the narrative, dramatic and poetic genres of pre-modern Japan (Edo period): kanaz?shi, ukiyoz?shi, sharebon, yomihon, kokkeibon, ninj?bon and kusaz?shi for narrative; kabuki and j?ruri for drama; haikai poetry. Major authors in relation to each genre will also be discussed in detail. Among them: Ihara Saikaku, Chikamatsu Monzaemon, Matsuo Bash?.
Module 2: After providing an outline of the main historical events and cultural aspects of Kamakura-Muromachi Japan, the course will focus on the following subjects:
A. The evolution of waka poetry: new rhetorical strategies and aesthetic ideals in the eighth imperial anthology (Shinkokin wakash?).
B. Narrative literature (monogatari bungaku) in medieval Japan. 1) "Military tales" (gunki monogatari) and the chronicles of the Genpei wars. The Tale of Heike (Heike monogatari): Buddhist themes, the portrayal of warriors, female figures. 2) Medieval "historical tales" (rekishi monogatari): Jien's Gukansh?.
C. Recluse literature (inja bungaku) and essays (zuihitsu): Kamo no Ch?mei's H?j?ki and Yoshida Kenk?'s Tsurezuregusa.
D. Old and new values in medieval anecdotal literature (setsuwa bungaku): secular collections (Uji sh?i monogatari) and buddhist collections (Hosshinsh?, Shasekish?); Kokon ch?monsh? and Jikkinsh?.
E. The rise and development of linked verse (renga) from Nij? Yoshimoto to S?gi.
F. N? drama. Origins and development. Zeami's contribution. Performance elements. The formal structure and the typologies of plays. The aesthetic ideals.
G. Towards the rise of urban narrative: the otogiz?shi.