The course aims to introduce the students to the study of fundamental philosophical texts and issues from classical antiquity, considered with respect to their historical genesis and fortune as well as to their conceptual substance.
- Platone, Repubblica, intr. di M. Vegetti, trad. di F. Sartori, note di B. Centrone, Laterza.
- Plato, The Republic, with an English trans. by P. Shorey, 2 vols, Loeb Classical Library.
- Plato, Republic, trans. by G.M.A. Grube, rev. by C.D.C. Reeve, Hackett.
- M. Vegetti, Guida alla lettura della Repubblica di Platone, Laterza.
- J. Annas, An Introduction to Plato's Republic, Oxford University Press.
(2) AN INTRODUCTION TO ARISTOTLE
- The Aristotelian texts will be provided in pdf format.
- M. Vegetti, F. Ademollo, Incontro con Aristotele, Einaudi.
- R. Chiaradonna, P. Pecere, Filosofia. La ricerca della conoscenza (Mondadori Scuola), vols 1A + 1B (up to Unit 6, ch. 1, § 2 – Plotino e il suo platonismo – included).
- T. Irwin, Classical Philosophy, Oxford University Press.
Further and more precise bibliographical directions will be provided during the course.
- Knowledge and understanding: students will learn the main aspects and implications of the ancient philosophical doctrines which are the subject matter of the course.
- Applied knowledge and understanding: students will acquire a general capacity to compare and assess different interpretations of a philosophical text or solutions to a philosophical problem, also by making use of pertinent bibliographical resources.
- Communication skills: students will become able to understand and use appropriately a technical terminology and illustrate clearly and precisely the meaning of a philosophical text or a philosophical problem.
- Making judgements: students will become able to make informed critical decisions between different interpretations of a philosophical text or solutions to a philosophical problem.
- Learning skills: students will acquire the learning skill which is necessary for them to carry on autonomously their studies in this field.
Type of Assessment
- Students may be invited to sit non-compulsory in-class tests.
- Final oral examination.
The final examination (approximately 30-40 minutes) will aim at ascertaining whether and to what extent the course's various learning objectives (see "Learning Objectives") have been achieved. Students will pass the examination only if all the objectives turn out to have been achieved at least to an acceptable degree. To this purpose students may be requested to expound or compare the philosophical theses encountered either in the lecture course or in the handbook, or to comment on texts included within (or akin to) those encountered, in order to analyse their contents and argumentative structure.
In order to take the examination students will have to be present on the day and at the time fixed for the examination or notify their delay within two hours.
The course will consist of two parts.
(1) Plato, Republic. We shall analyse some of the main arguments and doctrines of the dialogue, which students will have to read completely.
(2) An introduction to Aristotle. We shall come to grips with some of the main notions of Aristotle's physics and metaphysics through the study of a selection of texts.
Students shall also study a handbook of the history of ancient philosophy (see Bibliography).