The Chinese case: fertility and migration in the Chinese demographic policy. Causes, consequences, evolution and future prospects.
The history and evolution of world population under the increasing constraints of available resources. How to reconcile individual freedom (e.g. to have as many children as one likes) with collective needs (e.g., avoid overpopulation).
1) One-child policy (mimeo, in Moodle)
(A/N Copied from Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/One-child_policy, which is worth looking at because it contains a dynamic pyriamid of the chinese population. Do NOT use the Italian version, which is too short and insufficient)
2) WANG Feng, CAI Yong, SHEN Ke, GIETEL-BASTEN Stuart (2018) Is Demography Just a Numerical Exercise? Numbers, Politics, and Legacies of China's One-Child Policy. Demography 55(2): 693-719 (shortened version available in Moodle)
3) QIN Yu, WANG Fei (January 3, 2018) 30 years of experience of the two-child policy in Yicheng, China, N-IUSSP,
(available in Moodle)
4) Wang Feng, Yong Cai, Shen Ke, Zhu Qin, Shen Jie (2019) One City, Three Peoples: Migration, Immigration and the Making of Global Shanghai
Paper Prepared for the Conference on Immigration and the Transformation of Chinese Society, University of Manchester, April 25-26.
(available in Moodle)
5) Massimo Livi Bacci (2017) Our Shrinking Planet, John Wiley and Sons Ltd
The focus of this year is on two themes: the One-Child Policy in China (causes, history and consequences) and the past and likely future evolution of world population. In both cases, during the course students will:
1) Understand how populations evolve (dynamics and time scale) and the complexity of their connections with society at large
2) Be capable of considering simultaneously the various sides of the matter when contrasting interests are at play.
3) acquire knowledge of: a) basic demographic mechanisms (with their proper time scale); b) what has happened to world population, globally and by region, and why; c) available sources, their potentialities and their limitations;
4) be capable of autonomous search for the relevant sources regarding population issues;
5) develop a critical approach to population issues, with a special emphasis on the necessity of going beyond averages and considering also heterogeneity (i.e., differences within a population);
6) be capable to interpret critically (and produce) statistical tables, graphs and simple regression analyses; to speak in public; to consider contentious matters from various angles; to look at population issues separating facts from opinions, and using the appropriate time scale.
Know how to read and interpret simple tables and graphs.
Lectures, seminars, and debates on contentious issues, where students will be asked to prepare PPT presentations to defend certain theses, or dispute them.
Additional teaching material to be found on Moodle (https://e-l.unifi.it/). Students with specific needs may contact the teacher.
Modalità di verifica apprendimento
Actively attending students: special emphasis will be given to their capacity to understand and debate contentious issues, considering matters from all sides. Presentations and debates will be organized in class, which may suffice for the evaluation of students who will actively participate in sufficient number of them.
Other students: Written examination, with open questions, on both theoretical issues and practical problems. Variations are possible (and in this case students will be timely informed), but the standard practice is as follows: 12 questions to be answered in 90 minutes; each correct answer grants 3 grades (max=36 grades overall). No books or external text can be consulted (except those given at the moment of the examination); (own) calculators may be used. Additional oral examination possible in special cases.
Programma del corso
1.a) Summary of some basic demographic concepts, with particular focus on fertility and migration. Study of demographic dynamics (growth rates) and structural population changes (aging).
1.b) A brief demographic history of China, 1950 to today.
1.c) The Chinese One-Child demographic policy: when it was adopted, why, and what it produced in practice. How to solve the conflict between individual desires and collective needs?
1.d) After the one-child policy: the current demographic situation in China and the prospects for its future.
2.a) A concise history of world demography: phases of historical evolution, by region, with a special focus on resources and migration.
2.b) The risks of the current world demographic situation (by region, and in a historical perspective): from overcrowding (and resource depletion) to depopulation and ageing.
2.c) The potential for migration to (partly) re-balance and ease world demographic problems.
2.d) The contentious side of migration: amounts (flows and structures), age structure, receiving vs. sending countries, differential aspects.